Computer Models of Organic Form

There are a number of ways in which computer models have been used to create organic forms in the name of art, science and computer graphics.

One approach is to construct scientifically accurate models of a specific biological phenomena to test the integrity of the theory. This is the approach taken by Brian Goodwin, for example, who has used chemical models of algae whorl formation to show the role of complex systems in morphogenesis and confirming D'Arcy Thompson's idea of some kind of physical basis to biological form.


Przemyslaw Prusinkiewicz's creates highly realistic computer visualisations of natural objects including plants, flowers and sea-shells (see Although his models are more mathematical and procedural than biological or physical, they do suggest an underlying truth about the role of recursion and nonlinear dynamics in organic form.


At the other end of the spectrum, Karl Sims and William Latham use simulated evolution as a means to arrive at organic forms, although the generative models they use are far from being biologically accurate. (See